Introduction to FSSAI
The Food Safety and Standards Regulations, 2011 governs the registration and licensing of food business in India. It lays down science based standards for food articles and controls the manufacture, storage, allotment, sale and import to make sure that the food is safe for humans to consume. These procedures are ascertained to avoid food adulteration and it is made mandatory for entities involved in the manufacturing, storing, transportation or selling of food products to obtain FSSAI registration and comply with FSSAI regulations.
Following are the major differences between FSSAI Registration and FSSAI License:
FSSAI registration is mandatory for small-scale food business operators. Small-scale food business operator is any person or entity who:
- Sells or manufactures food articles himself or by any itinerant vendor, hawker, temporary stall holder or small-scale retailer.
- Distributes foods at religious gatherings and who is not a caterer.
- Has a slaughtering capacity of 2 large animals or 10 small animals or 50 poultry birds per day or less.
- Handling or procurement and collection of milk which is upto 500 litres of milk per day or,
- Any other food business that includes cottage or any small-scale industries which pertains to food business or food business stalls with an annual turnover not exceeding Rs 12 Lakhs and whose:
- Capacity of food production (other than milk and milk products, meat and meat products) does not exceed 100 kg or litre per day
- Small-scale business operators mandatorily has to obtain the FSSAI registration by submitting as application for registration in Form A. Once the submission of the FSSAI registration application is done, the registration should be provided to the applicant or may be rejected in writing within 7 days or receipt of the application by the concerned authority.
The FSSAI Registration Certificate would contain the details of the registration and photo of the applicant. The certificate has to be compulsorily displayed at any place, at all times at the location of business operation.
The FSSAI License has to be obtained by any person or entity that does not classify itself as a small-scale food business operator. There are two types of FSSAI License which are:
- State FSSAI License and
- Central FSSAI License.
The licensing authority would vary basis the size and nature of the business. Large good manufacturers / transporters / processors and food importers need to obtain the Central FSSAI License whereas medium-sized manufacturers, transporters and processors need to obtain the State FSSAI License.
The procedure and fee in order to obtain a FSSAI license is more extensive as compared to FSSAI registration. The FSSAI license application is to be filed in Form B to the appropriate Licensing Authority along with the necessary self-attested declaration, affidavit and annexures, as applicable.
The food business operator is granted on request the FSSAI license for a period of 1 to 5 years. The fee applicable for obtaining the FSSAI license for more than 5 years would be comparatively expensive. If the registration is obtained for just one or two years, the license has to be renewed by sending the application not delaying more than 30 days prior to the expiry date of the FSSAI license.